Category Archives: What’s New

Electrophysiology and Arrhythmogenesis in the Human RVOT

Human RVOT susceptibility to arrhythmias


  1. Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is a common source of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (IVAs). 
  2. However, the mechanisms underlying the RVOT’s unique arrhythmia susceptibility remains not well elucidated due to lack of detailed electrophysiological and molecular studies of human RVOT.


  1. Human RVOT electrophysiology is characterized by shorter APD relative to the right ventricular apical region and drives the transmural dispersion of repolarization and transmural APD dispersion under normal physiological conditions.
  2. Cholinergic stimulation attenuates the arrhythmogenic effects of adrenergic stimulation, including increase in frequency of PVCs and shortening of wavelength.
  3. Arrhythmia in the RV is associated with weak positive spatiotemporal autocorrelation between the epicardial-endocardial arrhythmic wavefronts and reentrant rotors that are relatively more organized in the endocardium.


Aras KK, Gams A, Faye NR, Brennan JB, Goldrick K, Li J, Zhong Y, Chiang C, Smith EH, Poston MD, Chivers J, Hanna P, Mori S, Ajijola O, Shivkumar K, Hoover DB, Viventi J, Rogers JA, Bernus O, Efimov IR. Electrophysiology and Arrhythmogenesis of the human right ventricle outflow tract. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2022. (Editor’s pick)

Book chapter: conformal electronics therapy for defibrillation


Cardiac Bioelectric Therapy: Mechanisms and Practical Applications

Chapter 38

Conformal Electronics Therapy for Defibrillation


Kedar K. Aras, John A. Rogers, Igor R. Efimov


Defibrillation remains the only effective therapy against sudden cardiac death. However, the current coil-based lead ICD devices are limited by high defibrillation threshold (DFT) and low arrhythmia sensing resolution, which can result in inappropriate and painful shocks adversely affecting the quality of life. Emerging classes of materials and mechanics concepts in the field of flexible and stretchable electronics have created new opportunities for integrating high-performance electronics with the human body and its organs and various tissues. These conformal electronics devices offer a platform for high-definition arrhythmia sensing to minimize inappropriate shocks and improve therapy and high-definition therapy delivery circuit to reduce DFT.